Normal skin is where the skin is perfectly balanced, neither too oily nor too dry and is not prone to sensitivity or developing skin concerns. The common characteristics of normal skin would include refined, clear pores, very minimal or no blemishes, as well as a balanced complexion with uniform tone and texture.
Those with normal skin can generally use any skincare product that is suitable for all skin types. Simply opt for different consistencies depending on the climate or environmental condition, and avoid overly harsh ingredients. Although requiring less maintenance compared to other skin types, it is still crucial to regularly cleanse and moisturise your skin to keep it looking fresh and healthy.
Dry skin is characterized by skin that lacks moisture, resulting in flaky patches, tightness and rough texture. This is because dry skin produces less sebum than normal skin, resulting in increased sensitivity and weaker skin barrier that protects the skin against external stress. The tendency for those with dry skin to have skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis are often higher.
Nonetheless, the best Korean skincare products to use on dry skin are those that contain lipids such as ceramides, Vitamin E, plant-based oils, fatty acids and hyaluronic acid. Another tip is to opt for skincare products that are richer in texture to help the skin retain adequate moisture for a stronger skin barrier. Even for products that are suitable for all skin types, it is important to check ingredient lists and avoid harsh ingredients that may dry out your skin.
Combination skin has a distinct feature from the other skin types in that it has a mix of both oily and dry areas. Usually, the T-zone tends to be oily and other parts of the face like the cheeks are dry. As a result of this, there is no one-stop solution as the choice of skincare products will vary on how dry and oily your skin is. Sometimes, it is recommended to even have a few skincare products for those with extreme combination skin where the areas are either extremely oily or dry.
The best way to care for combination skin is to select products that are gentle on the skin, yet help maintain your skin’s optimal moisture. For best results, look for Korean skin care products that help replenish hydration while minimizing oiliness such as Centella Asiatica, Mugwort, Hyaluronic acid and gentle exfoliants.
Oily skin is where the skin produces excess oil or sebum, causing acne, blemishes, enlarged pores and shiny complexion. Apart from these distinct characteristics, oily skin tends to appear thicker, dull-looking with visible pores. Those with oily skin may find that certain types of beauty products, hormonal changes, diet and stress can contribute to an increase in the frequency of breakouts and blemishes.
The key to keeping your oily skin healthy is by minimizing the use of comedogenic beauty products and keeping your face clarified using a cleanser that effectively eliminates excess sebum. Some ingredients to look for include AHA, BHA, PHA, tea tree, centella asiatica, mugwort and propolis. These ingredients help keep the skin balanced, hydrated and at the same time targets the most common problems like acne, redness, inflammation and blemishes.
Sensitive skin is where your skin overreacts to certain ingredients and is prone to inflammation, itchiness and redness. At the same time, it can exhibit the characteristics of any skin type which can make it slightly trickier to tackle. The main issues associated with sensitive skin include weakened skin barrier, allergies and skin concerns like rosacea, eczema and psoriasis.
While managing sensitive skin seems to be more challenging, the most important is to identify the root causes of your skin concerns and by testing a small amount of product first beforehand. Those with sensitive skin should opt for dermatologically-tested products that are made without the addition of fragrances, artificial colouring or parabens which can aggravate inflammation.
How do I Correctly Identify My Skin Type?
The best method to identify your skin type is the Bare Face Method. To do this cleanse and dry your face using a clean cloth, leave your skin as it is for 30 minutes and observe your complexion afterwards.
If there is no noticeable difference, you have normal skin. Feelings of tightness or visible fine lines when you apply gentle pressure on your face indicate dry skin. If you notice that your face has become oily or appear shiny, you have oily skin. A mix of both dry and oily areas on your face indicates combination skin. Finally, if you see any red areas or itchiness, you have sensitive skin.
Once you have identified your skin type, it is time to explore the best Korean beauty products for your skin type!